Learning first aid techniques is important in medical emergency situations. Even minor injuries need the proper care to avoid infection or more serious problems later on. This article will discuss various common injuries and medical situations and how to properly treat them to prevent other problems.
- Shock: If a person appears pale, feels dizzy, and has the chills, it can be signs of going into shock. If a person is experiencing this, it’s important to call 911 immediately because this condition is very serious.
- Bleeding: If someone is experiencing heavy bleeding, it’s important to apply pressure onto the wound to slow down the bleeding and prevent them from bleeding out. If bleeding persists, it’s crucial to call an ambulance and receive medical attention.
- Nosebleed: It’s advised to pinch the nose if a nosebleed occurs and to bend over. An individual experiencing a nosebleed should breathe through their mouth and not their nose. Nosebleeds are common and usually not dangerous, however, if it doesn’t stop in 20 minutes call an ambulance and receive professional medical attention.
- Sprains: Sprains are another common injury people experience. Ice the affected area for about 20 minutes and raise the limb above the body. Someone experiencing this condition should take a painkiller to manage the pain. It’s advised to get x-rays to make sure the limb is properly cared for in order to prevent more serious conditions.
- Burns: If an individual is burned, it’s advised to cool the affected area under cold water for 10 minutes or more. Afterwards, the affected area should be bandaged or covered. For severe conditions, one may want to go to the hospital for care. Blisters can be a sign of a very serious burn.
- Heat stroke: Some of the symptoms of a heat stroke include lack of sweating, pale skin, convulsions, and vomiting among others. If someone shows signs of a heat stroke, it’s important to call 911 and find a cooler place for the individual to wait. Unbutton their clothes if necessary so they can get some air. Use cold water to cool down their temperature as well.
It’s important to know how to treat common injuries and conditions.